- 7.9–9.8 in
- 13 in
- Durbec des sapins (French)
- Camachuelo picogrueso (Spanish)
- The tameness and slow-moving behavior of the Pine Grosbeak gave rise to local name in Newfoundland of "mope."
- Winter flocks may stay near a tree with abundant fruit until all of it is consumed.
- A breeding adult Pine Grosbeak develops pouches in the floor of its mouth for carrying food to its young.
- During most of the year, 99% of diet is vegetable matter, especially buds, seeds, and fruits of spruce, pine, juniper, elm, maple, mountain ash, apple, and crabapple. It feeds insects and spiders to its young, though, often mixed with plant foods. It drinks water or eats snow daily.
- The oldest recorded Pine Grosbeak was a male, and at least 9 years, 9 months old when he was found in Quebec in 1970. He had been banded in Connecticut in 1961.
- Breeds in open coniferous forests.
- Wintering areas determined by food availability, so found in wider variety of habitats, including urban areas.
Seeds, buds, fruit, some insects.
- Clutch Size
- 2–5 eggs
- Egg Description
- Pale blue with darker dots and markings
- Condition at Hatching
- Naked and helpless.
Open cup nest in tree
Eats fruits by biting through and discarding the pulp and crushing the seed. Insects caught by clumsy flycatching. Eats sunflower seeds at feeders in parts of range (rarely comes to feeders in other parts of range).Found in flocks in winter; strongly territorial in breeding season. Distinctive call note often given in flight.
Pine Grosbeak populations can be difficult to assess, however they appear to have declined between 1966 and 2014 according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey—with the largest decline of up to 99% in New Brunswick populations during that time. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 6 million birds, with 18% spending part of the year in the U.S., and 34% in Canada. The species rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species. Pine Grosbeak is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.
- Adkisson, C. S. 1999. Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator). in The Birds of North America, No. 456 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. 2.) Pyle, P. 1997. Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part I. Columbidae to Ploceidae. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- Partners in Flight. 2012. Species assessment database.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.