Resident or irregular, short-distance migrant. Populations in the southern U.S. mostly stay put in the winter, but some make movements following the breeding season—not just toward the south, but also eastward and westward toward the coasts, or even northward. Some move as far south as Central America. In fall they migrate in groups of fewer than 50 doves, flying at low altitudes that are a little higher than their day-to-day flights. In spring they may join larger groups.