Rock Pigeon

ID Info
  • Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)
  • Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)
  • Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)
Silhouette PigeonsPigeons

Rock Pigeon

Columba livia
  • ORDER: Columbiformes
  • FAMILY: Columbidae
Basic Description

A common sight in cities around the world, Rock Pigeons crowd streets and public squares, living on discarded food and offerings of birdseed. In addition to the typical blue-gray bird with two dark wingbars, you'll often see flocks with plain, spotted, pale, or rusty-red birds in them. Introduced to North America from Europe in the early 1600s, city pigeons nest on buildings and window ledges. In the countryside they also nest on barns and grain towers, under bridges, and on natural cliffs.

More ID Info
image of range map for Rock PigeonRange map provided by Birds of North AmericaExplore Maps

Find This Bird

Look for Rock Pigeons in urban parks and neighborhoods, around farms, under highway or railroad bridges, and around tall rocky cliffs.

Other Names
  • Paloma Bravía (Spanish)
  • Pigeon biset (French)

Backyard Tips

This species often comes to bird feeders. Find out more about what this bird likes to eat and what feeder is best by using the Project FeederWatch Common Feeder Birds bird list.

Pigeons are attracted to open areas where they can find food on the ground. However, seed on the ground can attract rodents, so it’s best to provide only as much food as the pigeons can eat during their visit, or offer grain such as dried corn, peas, or sorghum on a platform feeder. In areas where pigeons are considered pests, some cities have ordinances against feeding pigeons.

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