Both males and females make a repeated, high-pitched coo, heard year-round at all hours of the day. Each sequence of coos contains 1–13 rising notes, and a sequence may be repeated 4–5 times per minute for many minutes on end. Ground-doves use variations of this song while courting, while waiting for a mate to return, and when flushing from a nest.
Males give a short guttural squawk during the courtship display. Males and females may squawk when jockeying for position at food or water sources.
The ground-dove’s wings make whirring or whistling sounds, probably produced by a notched seventh primary feather, during takeoff and short flights.