Breeds on shallow lakes in boreal forest and tundra. Winters in shallow marine coastal waters, usually over pebble and sand bottom.Back to top
Freshwater invertebrates, especially mollusks.Back to top
Hollow in ground near water, lined with vegetative debris and down.
|Clutch Size:||6-9 eggs|
|Egg Description:||Creamy white.|
|Condition at Hatching:||Downy and eyes open. Leave nest soon after they dry. Feed themselves immediately.|
Dives for prey on or near bottom.Back to top
Anderson, Eric M., Rian D. Dickson, Erika K. Lok, Eric C. Palm, Jean-Pierre L. Savard, Daniel Bordage and Austin Reed. 2015. Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Bellrose, F. C. 1976a. Ducks, geese and swans of North America. 2 ed. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books.
Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.
North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.
Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.