Scott's Oriole Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsDesert-facing slopes of mountains and foothills, where yuccas are common.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects, fruit, and nectar.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Nest a slightly hanging basket of woven plant fibers stripped from dead leaves, lined with soft grasses and other plant fibers. Placed in short trees, especially yuccas. Usually hung from leaves at crown of tree.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:1-5 eggs
Egg Description:Very pale blue with dark spots and streaks around the larger end.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless with tufts of pale gray down.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerGleans and probes in trees and flowers for insects and nectar. Visits feeders for sugar water.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernScott's Oriole populations appear to have experienced a decline from 1966 to 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. California population trends were significant, and declined by 64% during this time. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 4 million, with 41% spending some part of the year in the U.S., and 100% in Mexico. The species rates an 11 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Scott's Oriole is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


Flood, Nancy J. 2002. Scott's Oriole (Icterus parisorum), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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