Audubon's Oriole

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Audubon's Oriole

Icterus graduacauda
  • ORDER: Passeriformes
  • FAMILY: Icteridae
Basic Description

The brilliant yellow-and-black Audubon’s Oriole is a shy species of woodlands and brush in Mexico and South Texas. Its pleasing, rising-and-falling whistles are usually the first clues to its presence. Both sexes sing this song, often back and forth to each other during the nesting season. Unlike many orioles, the male and female look very much alike—with a black head, wings, and tail contrasting with a lemon-yellow body. Audubon’s Orioles can be hard to see as they forage deep in thick vegetation and even on the ground.

More ID Info
image of range map for Audubon's OrioleRange map provided by Birds of the WorldExplore Maps

Find This Bird

Finding Audubon’s Orioles can be challenging, particularly within their small U.S. range in South Texas. Checking eBird records to find where others have seen the species can help. Look for dense brushy habitat along the Rio Grande. It also sometimes comes to feeding stations in locations such as Salineño, Texas. Listen in spring and summer for the distinctive song, given by both members of a pair, especially early in the morning.

Other Names
  • Turpial de Audubon (Spanish)
  • Oriole d'Audubon (French)

Backyard Tips

Audubon’s Orioles may come to backyards, especially ones with thick vegetation or fruiting shrubs. They eat sunflower seeds from feeders and may also visit hummingbird feeders.

  • Cool Facts