Emperor Goose Life History


Behavior Ground ForagerBack to top


Conservation Restricted RangeEmperor Goose populations appear to be stable in North America, with a possible increase, according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The 2015 spring count, taken on the spring staging areas in southwestern Alaska, was estimated at just over 98,000 birds. The species rates a 14 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Emperor Goose is on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, which includes bird species that are most at risk of extinction without significant conservation actions to reverse declines and reduce threats. This species is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List as a moderately rapid decline is suspected to have occurred overall, with additional declines expected as a result of climate change.Back to top


Bellrose, F. C. 1976a. Ducks, geese and swans of North America. 2 ed. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Schmutz, J. A., Margaret R. Petersen and R. F. Rockwell. 2011. Emperor Goose (Anser canagicus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2015. Waterfowl population status, 2015. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior.

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