LeConte's Thrasher Life History


Habitat ScrubDesert scrub, mesquite, tall riparian brush and, locally, chaparral.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects and spiders, some seeds and berries.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Shrub

Nest Description

Open cup of twigs, lined with finer materials. Placed in thick, dense, and thorny desert shrubs or cholla cactus.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-5 eggs
Egg Description:Bluish green, with variable amount of dark markings.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless.
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Behavior Ground ForagerForages on ground, digs pits to find arthropods.Back to top


Conservation Red Watch List

LeConte's Trasher populations appear to have declined between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 80,000 birds with 80% living in the U.S., and 20% in Mexico. The species rates a 17 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, which lists bird species that are most at risk of extinction without significant conservation actions to reverse declines and reduce threats. It is also a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species. LeConte's Thrasher has lost extensive habitat to development in some parts of its range; irrigated lawns, groves, and fields are not compatible with its need for desert vegetation.

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Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sheppard, Jay M. (1996). LeConte's Thrasher (Toxostoma lecontei), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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