Skip to Content

Gilded Flicker Life History


Habitat DesertsStrongly associated with, but not completely restricted to, giant cactus forests of southwestern deserts.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects, primarily ants. Also fruits and seeds.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Cavity

Nest Description

Digs hole in saguaro cactus. Cavity unlined.

Nesting Facts

Clutch Size:4-5 eggs
Egg Length:1.0-1.2 in (2.59-3.14 cm)
Egg Width:0.8-0.9 in (2-2.22 cm)
Egg Description:White.
Condition at Hatching:Naked and helpless.
Back to top


Behavior Ground ForagerForages primarily on ground.Back to top


Conservation DecliningGilded Flicker populations appear to have declined between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 600,000, with 40% living in the U.S., and 60% in Mexico. The species rates a 14 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and are on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action. Back to top


Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. (2019). Longevity records of North American birds. Version 1019 Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2019.

Moore, William S., Peter Pyle and Karen L. Wiebe. (2017). Gilded Flicker (Colaptes chrysoides), version 2.1. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA.

Back to top

Need Bird ID Help? Try Merlin

Close Merlin