Merlin Bird Graphic

Merlin Bird ID

Try our free app foriOS | AndroidWeb version coming soon!
Recently Viewed Species

    Common Murre Life History

    Food

    Food FishFish, squid and other marine invertebrates.Back to top

    Nesting

    Nest Placement

    Nest Cliff

    Nest Description

    Shallow depression in rocky ledge on steep cliff. Nests in colonies.

    Nesting Facts
    Egg Description:Very pointed at one end. Color variable, ranging from white to tan without markings, to dark green or turquoise with extensive black spots and scrawls.
    Condition at Hatching:Covered in down, able to stand within one day.
    Back to top

    Behavior

    Behavior Surface DiveDives underwater to capture prey, using its wings to swim.Back to top

    Conservation

    Conservation Low ConcernCommon Murre are numerous, but vulnerable to oil spills and gill-netting. The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan estimates a population of 4,250,000 in North America, rates the species an 11 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and lists it as a Species of Moderate Concern. They are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Pacific populations have declined and partially recovered, while Atlantic populations appear to be increasing.Back to top

    Credits

    Ainley, David G., David N. Nettleship, Harry R. Carter and Anne E. Storey. 2002. Common Murre (Uria aalge), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Kushlan, J. A., M. J. Steinkamp, K. C. Parsons, J. Capp, M. A. Cruz, M. Coulter, I. Davidson, L. Dickson, N. Edelson, R. Elliott, R. M. Erwin, S. Hatch, S. Kress, R. Milko, S. Miller, K. Mills, R. Paul, R. Phillips, J. E. Saliva, W. Sydeman, J. Trapp, J. Wheeler and K. Wohl. 2002. Waterbird conservation for the Americas: The North American waterbird conservation plan, version 1. Washington, D.C.: Waterbird Conservation for the Americas.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

    Back to top