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White-tipped Dove


IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A secretive bird of the Neotropics, the White-tipped Dove reaches the northern edge of its range in southern Texas. It spends most of its time foraging inconspicuously on the ground, occasionally bursting into the air with noisy wingbeats and distinctive flashes of chestnut color under the wings.

At a GlanceHelp

Both Sexes
9.8–12.2 in
25–31 cm
3.5–8.1 oz
99–230 g
Other Names
  • White-fronted Dove (English)
  • Colombe de Verreaux (French)
  • Paloma arroyera (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The White-tipped Dove is more aggressive than other doves, often chasing other White-tipped Doves while foraging on the ground.
  • Unlike other doves and pigeons, the White-tipped Dove keeps its nest extremely clean.
  • As many as 13 or 14 subspecies of White-tipped Dove are recognized across its range.
  • The oldest recorded White-tipped Dove was at least 9 years, 1 months old when it was recaptured and rereleased during banding operations in Texas in 2016. It had been banded in the same state in 2008.


Open Woodland

Found in riparian areas, open woodlands, coffee and banana plantations, gardens, and fields.



Seeds, fruits, and some invertebrates.


Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
1–3 eggs
Egg Description
Cream-colored and unmarked.
Condition at Hatching
Naked except for bristly feather tips. Bill is pinkish brown with a black band and a white tip.
Nest Description

A shallow bowl of thick twigs, placed in low tree.

Nest Placement



Ground Forager

Forages on the ground. Sometimes visits feeders.


status via IUCN

Least Concern

White-topped Dove is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds Watch List. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20 million with 7% living in Mexico. They can sometimes be found in the far south of Texas, where they may be declining. The species rates an 8 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score.


Range Map Help

White-tipped Dove Range Map
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bird image Blue-winged Warbler by Brian Sullivan

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