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Violet-green Swallow


IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

A beautiful swallow of open woodlands, the Violet-green Swallow is found only in the American West.

At a GlanceHelp

Both Sexes
4.7 in
12 cm
10.6 in
27 cm
0.5 oz
14 g
Other Names
  • Hirondelle à face blanche (French)
  • Golondrina verde-violeta (Spanish)

Cool Facts

  • The Violet-green Swallow is very similar to the Tree Swallow, both in appearance and ecology, and their ranges overlap. However, it is more closely related to two other swallows found in the Caribbean: the Golden and Bahama swallows.
  • A pair of Violet-green Swallows was observed assisting a pair of Western Bluebirds in raising young. The swallows guarded the nest and tended the bluebird nestlings, and after the bluebirds fledged, the swallows used the nest site for their own young.


Open Woodland

Breeds in open woodlands, especially at middle elevations



Flying insects.


Nesting Facts
Clutch Size
4–6 eggs
Egg Description
Condition at Hatching
Helpless with sparse down
Nest Description

Nest a shallow cup of grass, small twigs, rootlets, and straw placed in hole in tree, cliff cavity, or nest box. Lined with feathers.

Nest Placement



Aerial Forager

Catches insects in flight. May forage in large flocks.


status via IUCN

Least Concern

Ability to nest in remote areas and near people has kept populations relatively stable.


    1. Brown, C. R., A. M. Knott, and E. J. Damrose. 1992. Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina). In The Birds of North America, No. 14 (A. Poole, P. Stettenheim, and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
    2. Pyle, P. 1997. Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part I. Columbidae to Ploceidae . Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA.
    3. Whittingham, L. A., B. Slikas, D. W. Winkler, and F. H. Sheldon. 2002. Phylogeny of the tree swallow genus, Tachycineta (Aves: Hirundinidae), by Bayesian analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 430-441.

Range Map Help

Violet-green Swallow Range Map
View dynamic map of eBird sightings

Backyard Tips

Consider putting up a nest box to attract a breeding pair. Make sure you put it up well before breeding season. Attach a guard to keep predators from raiding eggs and young. Find out more about nest boxes on our Attract Birds pages. You'll find plans for building a nest box of the appropriate size on our All About Birdhouses site.



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