Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva
- ORDER: Passeriformes
- FAMILY: Hirundinidae
The Cave Swallow is a locally common swallow of Texas, Mexico, and the Caribbean. True to its name, it often roosts and nests inside the entrances to caves, sharing the space with bats.More ID Info
- Golondrina Pueblera (Spanish)
- Hirondelle à front brun (French)
- Cool Facts
- Two different subspecies of Cave Swallow are found in the United States. The southwestern form is the largest, has grayish sides, and a very pale throat. The Caribbean form that reaches Florida has more tawny sides, a more reddish face, and a darker rump. Another subspecies is found in the Yucatan, and two others occur in South America.
- Cave Swallows that nest in the twilight zone of caves often have their nests in places with minimal light. Individual birds appear to be able to locate these nests by flying past the nest site and then turning toward the nest, which is in better light than the bird’s darker vantage point.
- The oldest recorded Cave Swallow was at least 12 years, 2 months when it was recaptured and rereleased during banding operations in New Mexico in 2005, where it had been banded in 1993.