- 11–12.6 in
- 18.5 in
- 3.4–8 oz
- Bartramian Sandpiper, Upland Plover (English)
- Maubèche des champs (French)
- Batitú, Zarapito ganga (Spanish)
- The Upland Sandpiper begins southward migration unusually early, beginning in mid-July. It spends up to eight months of the year in its winter home in South America, during the austral summer.
- In several northeastern states, the majority of nesting Upland Sandpipers live on the grounds of airports.
- Upland Sandpiper pairs scrape out multiple depressions in the ground, but use only one for their actual nest.
- The oldest recorded Upland Sandpiper was at least 8 years, 11 months old, and lived in New York.
Native prairie and other dry grasslands, including airports and some croplands.
Mostly insects, including weevils and other beetles, grasshoppers, and crickets. Also some weed seeds.
- Clutch Size
- 2–7 eggs
- Egg Description
- Buff with dark spotting.
- Condition at Hatching
- Downy and active, capable of leaving nest and feeding themselves almost immediately after hatching.
Scrape in the ground; may be completely unlined, or built up with leaves and twigs.
Feeds while walking along the ground.
The Upland Sandpiper was once very abundant and widespread within its range. Though less common, despite some significant decreases in some areas, there have been increases in others, and overall the population was stable between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. A 2012 assessment predicts that the current North American population is about 750,000. The species is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Upland Sandpiper was once prized as a delicacy, both for its flesh and its eggs; hunting continued until well after the passage of the Migratory Bird Treaty in 1918. Hunting in the West Indies remains a conservation concern. Conversion of native grasslands to croplands in both North and South America has also caused populations to fall.
- Houston, C. S., and D. E. Bowen, Jr. 2001. Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda). In The Birds of North America, No. 580 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
- Andres, B.A., P.A. Smith, R.I.G. Morrison, C.L. Gratto-Trevor, S.C. Brown, and C.A. Friis. 2012. Population estimates of North American Shorebirds, 2012. Wader Study Group Bulletin 119:178–194. Available from the U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan website.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.