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    Tropical Kingbird Life History


    Habitat Open WoodlandsOpen country with scattered trees, urban areas, mangrove forests, cactus forests.Back to top


    Food OmnivoreFlying insects, some fruit.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Tree

    Nest Description

    Open cup of vines, roots, twigs, weed stems, and dry grasses, lined with hair or nothing. Placed in high crotch of isolated tree.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:2-4 eggs
    Egg Description:Whitish or pale pink with variable amount of dark blotching, densest around large end.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless and with sparse gray down.
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    Behavior FlycatchingAerial hawking from elevated perch.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernTropical Kingbird live well with people, and their range has expanded with human-induced changes in landscape. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20 million with 4% living in Mexico, and possibly a small percentage breeding in the U.S. They rate a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

    Stouffer, Philip C. and R. Terry Chesser. 1998. Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

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