Tropical Kingbird Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsOpen country with scattered trees, urban areas, mangrove forests, cactus forests.Back to top


Food OmnivoreFlying insects, some fruit.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Open cup of vines, roots, twigs, weed stems, and dry grasses, lined with hair or nothing. Placed in high crotch of isolated tree.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-4 eggs
Egg Description:Whitish or pale pink with variable amount of dark blotching, densest around large end.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless and with sparse gray down.
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Behavior FlycatchingAerial hawking from elevated perch.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernTropical Kingbird live well with people, and their range has expanded with human-induced changes in landscape. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20 million with 4% living in Mexico, and possibly a small percentage breeding in the U.S. They rate a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Stouffer, Philip C. and R. Terry Chesser. (1998). Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

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