- 17.3–20.1 in
- 14.1–28.9 oz
- Canard souchet (French)
- Pato chucharrón norteño (Spanish)
- The bill of the Northern Shoveler is about 6.5 cm (2.5 inches) long. The bill has has about 110 fine projections (called lamellae) along the edges, for straining food from water.
- Northern Shoveler pairs are monogamous, and remain together longer than pairs of other dabbling duck species.
- When flushed off the nest, a female Northern Shoveler often defecates on its eggs, apparently to deter predators.
- The oldest recorded Northern Shoveler was a male, and at least 16 years, 7 months old when he was found in Nevada. he had been banded in California.
Breeds in open, shallow wetlands. In winter, inhabits both freshwater and saline marshes.
Small swimming invertebrates and some seeds.
- Clutch Size
- 8–12 eggs
- Egg Description
- Pale greenish gray or olive-buff.
- Condition at Hatching
- Covered in down and able to walk and swim.
A simple scrape lined with down and usually surrounded on at least three sides by vegetation. Placed in short vegetation near water.
Males exhibit elaborate courtship behavior, including various calls, turns, dips, and wing flaps.Forages by swimming along with bill lowered into the water, straining out small crustaceans and other invertebrates. It does not commonly tip its head and upper body forward into the water.
Northern Shoveler breeding populations appear to be relatively stable, and slightly increased between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. They are not listed in the 2014 State of the Birds Report.
- Dubowy, P. J. 1996. Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata). In The Birds of North America, No. 217 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and the American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.