Hepatic Tanager Life History


Habitat ForestsFound in open pine and pine-oak forests.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects and some fruits.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Nest a flat cup of plant fibers, grasses, and twigs. Lined with pine needles and soft materials. Placed in fork near end of horizontal tree branch.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:3-5 eggs
Egg Description:Bluish green speckled with brown or purple, especially around the large end.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerMoves slowly and deliberately through foliage, working out from base of lower limbs. Flies out and catches flushed insects.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernHepatic Tanager populations and range appears to have increased between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20 million, with 5% breeding in the U.S., and 9% spending some part of the year in Mexico. The species rates a 7 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Hepatic Tanager is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds Watch List. Back to top


Eddleman, William R. 2002. Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski, Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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