Couch's Kingbird Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsLives in thorn forest, brushy clearings in tropical forest, abandoned agricultural fields overgrown with shrubs, riparian areas, and suburbs.Back to top


Food InsectsFlying insects, some fruit.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Untidy bowl of twigs or bark strips, lined with plant down or fine rootlets. Placed in islotated tree or tree at edge of forest.

Nesting Facts
Egg Description:Cream or rich buff with dark spots.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless and with sparse buff down.
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Behavior FlycatchingAerial hawking from elevated perch.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernCouch's Kingbird increased its range, and populations grew significantly between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million with 19% living in the U.S. (Texas), and 69% in Mexico. The species rates a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Couch's Kingbird is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List.Back to top


Brush, Timothy. (1999). Couch's Kingbird (Tyrannus couchii), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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