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Merlin Bird ID

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    Blackburnian Warbler Identification

    Adult Description

    • Small songbird.
    • Brilliant orange throat.
    • Orange yellow eyebrow.
    • Small black face mask.
    • Broad white wingbars.

    Male Description

    Breeding (Alternate) Plumage: Throat and upper breast deep orange. Sides of neck, eyestripe, line on forecrown, and eye arc yellow-orange. Face patch, crown, and back black. Lower breast yellowish with black streaks on sides. Belly white or yellowish. Wings black with broad white wingbars that run together into a white patch. Back black with two creamy white lines. Tail black with large white patches in outer tail feathers.
    Nonbreeding (Basic) Plumage: Similar to breeding, but oranges less intense and more yellow. Olive edges to black back feathers. Wingbars more distinct and less of a continuous white patch.

    Female Description

    Breeding (Alternate) Plumage: Throat, upper breast, eyestripe, forecrown stripe, and sides of neck orange yellow. Crown, face patch, and flank streaks greenish gray. Back gray with dark and light streaking. Two broad white wingbars.
    Nonbreeding (Basic) Plumage: Similar to breeding, but more olive-brown above and with less white in the wing.

    Immature Description

    Immature similar to adult female. Immature male with more yellow throat, some black in eyeline, and more yellow onto flanks. Immature female much paler, with yellowish throat and eyeline, blurry streaking on sides, grayer face patch and crown, and narrower wingbars.
    Relative Size

    Relative Sizesparrow or smallersparrow-sized or smaller
    Measurements
    • Both Sexes
      • Length: 4.3-4.7 in (11-12 cm)
      • Weight: 0.3-0.5 oz (9-13 g)
      • Wingspan: 7.9-8.3 in (20-21 cm)