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Merlin Bird ID

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    Black-whiskered Vireo Life History


    Habitat ForestsCoastal mangroves and subtropical hardwood hammocksin Florida; coastal mangrove and sea-level forests, limestone hardwood forests, and mountain forests throughout Caribbean.Back to top


    Food InsectsFruit and insects.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Tree

    Nest Description

    Deep open cup suspended from a forked tree branch. Woven of grasses, lichens, and spider webs. Lined with palm threads, grasses, and rootlets.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:2-4 eggs
    Egg Description:White with a few small brown dots.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless with eyes closed.
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    Behavior Foliage GleanerGleans food from foliage high in trees.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernBlack-whiskered Vireo populations are stable. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million birds with 6% breeding in the U.S. They rate a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score are are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.. The spread of Shiny Cowbird may be having some effect on Black-whiskered Vireo populations.Back to top


    Chace, Jameson F., Bethany L. Woodworth and Alexander Cruz. 2002. Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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