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Yellow-eyed Junco Identification

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The Four Keys to ID

  • Size & Shape

    A medium-sized sparrow with a round belly, a thick neck, and a fairly long tail. Like other sparrows, it has a small conical bill.

    Relative Size

    Larger than a House Wren, smaller than a Spotted Towhee.

    Relative Sizesparrow or smallersparrow-sized or smaller

    • Both Sexes
      • Length: 5.5-6.3 in (14-16 cm)
      • Weight: 0.6-0.8 oz (16-23 g)
      • Wingspan: 9.4-9.8 in (24-25 cm)

Regional Differences

Yellow-eyed Juncos in and around San Cristobal, Chiapas, Mexico, have a darker gray head, browner sides, and less white in the tail than those farther north. Individuals in southeastern Chiapas, Mexico, and southwestern Guatemala have a slate gray head and a more olive brown back, pale olive sides, and even less white in the tail.