Wilson's Plover Life History


Habitat ShorelinesOcean beaches, lagoons, and salt flats.Back to top


Food Aquatic invertebratesCrustaceans, especially fiddler crabs, worms, insects.Back to top


Behavior ProbingBack to top


Conservation Restricted Range

A 2012 assessment estimated a U.S. population of Wilson’s Plover at 8,600 birds, with an additional 6,000 individuals thought to breed in the Caribbean and along the coast of eastern Mexico. Partners in Flight estimates the global breeding population of Wilson’s Plover at 22,000, rates the species a 16 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and places it on the Yellow Watch List in light of its restricted range and narrow habitat preference. The species’ range has been contracting southward over the last several decades. Wilson's Plover is listed as threatened or endangered in some states.

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Andres, B. A., P. A. Smith, R. I. G. Morrison, C. L. Gratto-Trevor, S. C. Brown and C. A. Friis. (2012a). Population estimates of North American shorebirds, 2012. Wader Study Group Bulletin 119 (3):178-194.

Corbat, Carol A. and Peter W. Bergstrom. (2000). Wilson's Plover (Charadrius wilsonia), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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