Breeds on large freshwater or brackish lakes and ponds. Winters in coastal estuaries, bays, and open coastline with shallow water over shellfish beds.Back to top
Mollusks (especially clams and mussels), crustaceans, and insects; occasionally aquatic plants and fish.Back to top
Hollow in ground in dense cover away from water, lined with down and twigs.
|Clutch Size:||6-16 eggs|
|Egg Description:||Creamy buff or light pink.|
|Condition at Hatching:||Downy and eyes open. Leave nest soon after they dry. Feed themselves immediately.|
Dives for prey on or near bottom.Back to top
Brown, Patrick W. and Leigh H. Fredrickson. 1997. White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.
North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.
Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.