Stilt Sandpiper Life History


Habitat MarshesBreeds in sedge tundra near water, often near wooded borders of the taiga. On migration and in winter found along mudflats, flooded fields, shallow ponds and pools, and marshes.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-5 eggs
Condition at Hatching:Active and covered with down.
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Behavior ProbingBack to top


Conservation Low ConcernThere is little information on Stilt Sandpiper population trends. A 2012 study notes that counts have been variable, but estimates a North American population of 1.2 million birds. Numbers may be stable to declining. The species is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. An overpopulation of Snow Geese on the tundra may cause degradation of the Stilt Sandpiper's breeding environment.Back to top


Andres, B. A., P. A. Smith, R. I. G. Morrison, C. L. Gratto-Trevor, S. C. Brown and C. A. Friis. (2012a). Population estimates of North American shorebirds, 2012. Wader Study Group Bulletin 119 (3):178-194.

Klima, Joanna and Joseph R. Jehl Jr. (2012). Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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