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Rock Sandpiper Life History


Habitat ShorelinesBreeds in grassy or mossy tundra in coastal or montane areas. Winters along rocky seacoasts, breakwaters, and mudflats.Back to top


Food Aquatic invertebratesBack to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nesting Facts

Condition at Hatching:Active and covered with down.
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Behavior ProbingBack to top


Conservation Low ConcernThere is little information on Rock Sandpiper population trends and numbers. A 2012 study noted that no new population estimates had been made since 2006; at that time the total continental breeding population was estimated around 145,000 birds. At least one subspecies in the Bering Sea may be in decline. Rock Sandpiper is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


Andres, B. A., P. A. Smith, R. I. G. Morrison, C. L. Gratto-Trevor, S. C. Brown, and C. A. Friis (2012). Population estimates of North American shorebirds, 2012. Wader Study Group Bulletin 119:178–194.

Gill, Robert E., Pavel S. Tomkovich and Brian J. McCaffery. (2002). Rock Sandpiper (Calidris ptilocnemis), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. (2020). Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2020. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2020.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA.

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