- 7.5–8.3 in
- 1.1–2.3 oz
- Pic à nuque rouge (French)
- Chupasavia nuquirroja (Spanish)
- The Red-naped Sapsucker is closely related to the Yellow-bellied and Red-breasted sapsuckers. All three were formerly considered races of the yellow-bellied. The red-naped hybridizes where it comes in contact with the other two species, and birds intermediate in plumage are sometimes found.
- Sapsuckers do not suck sap, but are specialized for sipping it. Their tongues are shorter than those of other woodpeckers, and do not extend as far out. The tip of the tongue has small hair-like projections on it that help pick up the sap, much like a paintbrush holds paint.
- Sap wells made by sapsuckers attract other sap feeders, especially hummingbirds. Although the woodpecker may eat some insects that are attracted, others are treated as competitors and are chased away.
- The oldest recorded Red-naped Sapsucker was at least 4 years, 11 months old when she was found in Wyoming, the same state where she had been banded.
- Breeds in deciduous and mixed montane forests, often associated with willows and aspens.
- Winters in diverse habitats, including orchards and pine-oak woodlands.
Sap, fruit, arthropods.
- Clutch Size
- 3–7 eggs
- Egg Description
- Condition at Hatching
- Naked and helpless.
Nest in cavity in trees or dead branch. No nest material is added to cavity.
Forages for insects by gleaning, probing, prying, tapping, and flycatching. Drills series of shallow holes in bark of tree, licks up sap.
Red-naped Sapsucker populations are stable and increased slightly between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million, with 51% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 49% breeding in Canada, and 59% wintering in Mexico. The species rates a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Red-naped Sapsucker is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. These birds were historically shot as an orchard pest, but are protected now. Forestry practices may affect abundance in particular areas.
- Walters, E. L., E. H. Miller, and P. E. Lowther. 2002. Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber) and Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis). In The Birds of North America, No. 662 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- Partners in Flight. 2012. Species assessment database.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.