- 20.1–29.9 in
- 17.6–51.1 oz
- Canard pilet (French)
- Pato golondrino (Spanish)
- Like the Mallard, the Northern Pintail breeds in a variety of habitats all across northern North America and Eurasia. Also like the Mallard, island populations have splintered off and evolved into separate species. Two closely related forms can be found on Crozet and Kerguelen islands in the very southern Indian Ocean, known as Eaton's Pintail (Anas eatoni
- The Northern Pintail is among the earliest nesting ducks in North America, beginning shortly after ice-out in many northern areas.
- The oldest recorded Northern Pintail was a male and at least 22 years, 3 months old when he was found in Saskatchewan, Canada.
Nests in open country with shallow, seasonal wetlands and low vegetation. Winters in wide variety of shallow inland freshwater and intertidal habitats.
Grain, seeds, weeds, aquatic insects, crustaceans, and snails.
- Clutch Size
- 3–12 eggs
- Egg Description
- Greenish buff.
- Condition at Hatching
- Covered in down and able to leave the nest soon after hatching.
Scrape in ground in brush or grass, lined with grass and down; usually not near water.
Picks food from surface of ground. Dabbles, filter-feeds at surface of water, tips-up in shallow water.
Northen Pintail populations declined throughout most of their range at a rate of 2.6% per year between 1966 and 2012, resulting in a cumulative decline of 72%, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. The 2014 State of the Birds listed them as a Common Bird in Steep Decline.