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    Nashville Warbler Life History


    Habitat ForestsSecond-growth deciduous or mixed forest with shrubby undergrowth.Back to top


    Food InsectsInsects and insect larvae.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Ground

    Nest Description

    A neat cup of moss, bark, leaves, and grasses, lined with fine grass, pine needles, hair, or other fiber. Located on the ground under brushy vegetation or small trees.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:3-6 eggs
    Egg Description:White, usually specked with brown.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless with some sparse dark brown down.
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    Behavior Foliage GleanerGleans insects from the tips of branches and flower tassels of trees.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernNashville Warbler populations are stable, though they may have experienced a small decline between 1966 and 2014 in the U.S., according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 32 million with 19% spending part of the year in the U.S., 81 % in Canada, and 89% in Mexico. They are a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species, and rate a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Nashville Warbler are not listed in the 2014 State of the Birds Report. Clearing of forested land may have benefited this species by creating more of its preferred second-growth habitat.Back to top


    Lowther, Peter E. and Janet Mcl. Williams. 2011. Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

    Stephenson, Tom and Scott Whittle. 2013. The Warbler Guide: Princeton University Press.

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