Nashville Warbler Life History


Habitat ForestsSecond-growth deciduous or mixed forest with shrubby undergrowth.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects and insect larvae.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nest Description

A neat cup of moss, bark, leaves, and grasses, lined with fine grass, pine needles, hair, or other fiber. Located on the ground under brushy vegetation or small trees.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:4-5 eggs
Number of Broods:1 brood
Egg Length:0.6-0.7 in (1.4-1.7 cm)
Egg Width:0.4-0.5 in (1.1-1.3 cm)
Incubation Period:11-12 days
Nestling Period:9-11 days
Egg Description:White, usually specked with brown.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless with some sparse dark brown down.
Back to top


Behavior Foliage GleanerGleans insects from the tips of branches and flower tassels of trees.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernNashville Warbler populations are stable, though they may have experienced a small decline between 1966 and 2014 in the U.S., according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 32 million with 19% spending part of the year in the U.S., 81 % in Canada, and 89% in Mexico. They are a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species, and rate a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Nashville Warbler are not listed in the 2014 State of the Birds Report. Clearing of forested land may have benefited this species by creating more of its preferred second-growth habitat.Back to top


Lowther, Peter E. and Janet Mcl. Williams. (2011). Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Stephenson, T. and S. Whittle (2013). The Warbler Guide. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, USA.

Back to top

Looking for ID Help?

Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds.

Try Merlin Bird ID