Lawrence's Goldfinch Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsOpen woodlands, chaparral, and weedy fields.Back to top


Food SeedsAlmost exclusively seeds, mostly from annual plants.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

A loose cup of leaves and grass stems, with lichen where available, placed at mid-height in a tree.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:3-6 eggs
Egg Description:White and unmarked; sometimes very pale blue.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless with down along back.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerPerches on a plant and picks seeds from it.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernThe erratic movements of this species make tracking of trends very difficult. The North American Breeding Bird Survey estimates that between 1966 and 2014 numbers were stable, with a small decrease. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 300,000 with 83% spending some part of the year in the U.S., and 42% in Mexico. The species rates a 14 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Lawrence's Goldfinch is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species and is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action.Back to top


North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

Watt, Doris J., Peter Pyle, Michael A. Patten and Jeff N. Davis. (2016). Lawrence's Goldfinch (Spinus lawrencei), version 3.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

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