Green Jay Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsIn Texas, uses open woodland and brushy mesquite thickets. In rest of range found in humid forests.Back to top


Food OmnivoreArthropods, vertebrates, seeds, and fruit.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

Flimsy open cup of thorny twigs, lined with fine roots, vine stems, moss, and dry grass.

Nesting Facts
Egg Description:Pale greenish white with dark spots near large end.
Condition at Hatching:Naked and helpless.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerBack to top


Conservation Low ConcernThe Green Jay's range has been expanding in Texas, and populations increased between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million, with 4% living in the U.S., and 40% in Mexico. The species rates an 11 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List. Back to top


Gayou, Douglas C. 1995. Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski, Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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