Greater White-fronted Goose Life History


Habitat Lakes and PondsBreeds along tundra wetlands. Winters in agricultural fields, marshes, bays, and lakes.Back to top


Food PlantsSeeds, grain, grasses, sedges, berries.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nest Description

Nest a scrape in the ground lined with plant material and down feathers.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:1-8 eggs
Number of Broods:1 brood
Egg Length:2.1-2.1 in (5.3-5.4 cm)
Egg Width:3.1-3.3 in (8-8.3 cm)
Incubation Period:22-27 days
Nestling Period:1-2 days
Egg Description:White to tan, stained during incubation.
Condition at Hatching:Covered with down and eyes open. Leaves nest within 24 hours of hatching and has the ability to swim and feed.
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Behavior DabblerGleans grain from fields, grazes on grass, forages in shallow water by tipping-up.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernGreater white-fronted Goose populations may vary from year to year, but overall between 2005 and 2014, populations showed no significant trends. The Pacific population had a severe decline in the 1970s and 1980s, but increased from the 1980's until 2005. The Tule goose subspecies is vulnerable because of its low population size and restricted distribution. Greater White-fronted Goose is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


Bellrose, F. C. 1976a. Ducks, geese and swans of North America. 2 ed. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

Ely, Craig R. and A. X. Dzubin. 1994. Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2015. Waterfowl population status, 2015. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior.

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