- 8.7–10.2 in
- 16.9 in
- 2.3–3.6 oz
- Pic à front doré (French)
- Carpintero cheje (Spanish)
- The Golden-fronted Woodpecker is composed of four subspecies that differ in size, amount of barring on the tail, and the color of the nape, nasal tufts, and belly. Whereas the nape of the form found in Texas and most of Mexico is yellow to orange, it is red on the Yucatan Peninsula and orange farther south. The four forms were formerly considered different species.
- The Golden-fronted Woodpecker consumes about as much fruit and nuts as it does insects. In summer in Texas, the faces of some woodpeckers become stained purple from eating fruit of the prickly pear cactus.
- The oldest recorded Golden-fronted Woodpecker was a male, and at least 5 years, 11 months old when he was recaptured and rereleased during banding operations in Texas.
Open to semiopen woodlands, second-growth forests, and brushlands.
Insects, fruit, seeds, occasional birds' eggs and lizards.
- Clutch Size
- 4–7 eggs
- Egg Description
- Condition at Hatching
- Naked and helpless with eyes closed.
Nests in holes in limbs and trunks of live or dead trees.
Gleans insects from bark, probes into holes and dead wood, scales bark, hawks for flying insects.
Golden-fronted Woodpecker populations declined between 1966 and 2014 by about 46%, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 3 million, with 23% living in the U.S., and 64% in Mexico. The species rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Golden-fronted Woodpecker populations may benefit from the proliferation of mesquite on rangeland.
- Husak, M. S., and T. C. Maxwell. 1998. Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons). In The Birds of North America, No. 373 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- Partners in Flight. 2012. Species assessment database.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.