Cinnamon Teal Life History


Habitat MarshesUses freshwater (including highly alkaline) seasonal and semipermanent wetlands of various sizes, including large marshes, reservoirs, sluggish streams, ditches, and stock ponds.Back to top


Food OmnivoreSeeds and aquatic vegetation, aquatic and semi-terrestrial insects, snails, and zooplankton.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nest Description

A depression on the ground, near water. Lined with grasses and down.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:4-16 eggs
Egg Description:Creamy white.
Condition at Hatching:Covered in yellow down with a gray-brown eyestripe. Able to leave nest soon after hatching.
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Behavior DabblerFeeds mainly on surface. Dabbles with just bill in water or tips up with entire head underwater.Back to top


Conservation DecliningThere is little information on Cinnamon Teal population numbers, but the species appears to have declined between 1966 and 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Cinnamon Teal rates a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. It is not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds' Watch List, but the 2014 State of the Birds listed Cinnamon Teal as a Common Bird in Steep Decline. Cinnamon Teal is hunted across its range. Back to top


Gammonley, James H. 2012. Cinnamon Teal (Spatula cyanoptera), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Raftovich, R. V., S. C. Chandler and K. A. Wilkins. (2015). Migratory bird hunting activity and harvest during the 2013-14 and 2014-15 hunting seasons. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Laurel, Maryland, USA.

Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski, Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2017). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2015. Version 2.07.2017. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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