- 16.5–23.2 in
- 33.1 in
- 19–46.9 oz
- Baldpate, American Widgeon
- Canard d'Amerique (French)
- Pato chalcuán, Pato americano (Spanish)
- The American Wigeon was formerly known as "Baldpate" because the white stripe resembled a bald man's head.
- The American Wigeon is a rare, but regular straggler to Europe where it turns up in flocks of Eurasian Wigeon.
- The American Wigeon's short bill enables it to exert more force at the bill tip than other dabbling ducks, thus permitting efficient dislodging and plucking of vegetation.
- The America Wigeon is the dabbling duck most likely to leave water and graze on vegetation in fields. However, feeding in fields on grain, such as corn, is rather rare.
- The American Wigeon's diet has a higher proportion of plant matter than the diet of any other dabbling duck.
- The oldest American Wigeon was at least 21 years, 4 months old.
Shallow freshwater wetlands, including ponds, marshes, and rivers.
Aquatic plants; some insects and mollusks during the breeding season.
- Clutch Size
- 3–13 eggs
- Egg Description
- Creamy white.
- Condition at Hatching
- Covered in down and able to leave the nest soon after hatching.
A depression on the ground, lined with grasses and down. Nest is located in tall grass or shrubs, often far from water.
American Wigeon courtship displays include tail-wagging, head-turning, wing-flapping, and sudden jumps out of the water.Feeds on vegetation at and just below surface. Submerges head and tips tail up to reach plants under surface.
There are conflicting reports on American Wigeon populations. According to the North American Breeding Bird Survey, populations declined by 2.5% per year between 1966 and 2014, resulting in a cumulative decline of 71%. The 2014 State of the Birds listed them as a Common Bird in Steep Decline. However, federal waterfowl surveys show that despite rises and falls in population over the last 60 years, the overall population has remained stable, and since 2005 American Wigeon are on the rise, increasing by about 20 percent per year in 2013 and 2014. Populations declined by approximately 50 percent in the 1980s as a result of extended drought in prairie regions. They are widely hunted in the United States in fall, subject to federal limits.
- Mowbray, T. 1999. American Wigeon (Anas americana). In The Birds of North America, No. 401 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2014. North American Breeding Bird Survey 1966–2014 Analysis.
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Waterfowl: Population Status 2014