Altamira Oriole Life History


Habitat Open WoodlandsSemi-arid areas with scattered trees, open riparian woodland, open areas within more humid environments.Back to top


Food InsectsInsects, fruit.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Tree

Nest Description

A long (30-65 cm; 12-25.5 in), hanging pouch woven of fibers and thin roots of epiphytes, suspended in the fork of a branch in a tall tree or hung from telephone wires.

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:2-6 eggs
Egg Description:Pale bluish white with irregular black and purple spots and splotches.
Condition at Hatching:Helpless.
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Behavior Foliage GleanerForages through foliage from top of tree to near ground.Back to top


Conservation Low ConcernAltamira Orioles are common in the southern part of their range, but in the U.S. are only found in the extreme south of Texas, where they have been listed as threatened by the Texas Organization for Endangered Species. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million birds, with 3% living in the U.S., and 73% living in Mexico. They score a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


Brush, Timothy and Barbara Y. Pleasants. (2005). Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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