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Kirtland's Warbler


IUCN Conservation Status: Near Threatened

A rare bird of the Michigan jack pine forests, the Kirtland's Warbler is dependant upon fire to provide the small trees and open areas that meet its rigid habitat requirements for nesting.


Typical Voice

Adult Description

  • Small songbird; large warbler.
  • Bluish gray face and back.
  • Yellow throat, chest, and belly.
  • Black stripes down sides.
  • White crescents above and below eyes.
  • Constantly pumps its tail.
  • Two white wingbars.

Immature Description

Similar to adult female, but duller, and with black spotting across chest.

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Similar Species

  • Prairie Warbler also wags tail, but has yellow-green back and face.
  • Palm Warbler wags tail, but has dull greenish gray back, rufous cap, and yellow undertail.
  • Magnolia Warbler has large white areas in tail, bold wingbars, and a yellow rump.



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