Skip to main content

2020 Was a Year of Ups and Downs for the Endangered Species Act

By Marc Devokaitis
Black Rail in Texas. Photo by Jesse Huth/Macaulay Library.
The Eastern Black Rail population was listed as “Threatened” in October. Photo by Jesse Huth/Macaulay Library.
From the Winter 2021 issue of Living Bird magazine. Subscribe now.

At the close of 2020, most people would give the year a big thumbs-down. For birds on the Endangered Species list, it was a mixed bag. Some species were awarded more protection in acknowledgment of their tenuous conservation status; others were downlisted because of successful conservation work:

More of Our Coverage on These Issues

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

In September, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced plans to downlist this species from “Endangered” to “Threatened” on the ESA list. According to the USFWS, the woodpecker’s recent population gains “would continue to improve as long as conservation management continues.”

Eastern Black Rail

The Eastern Black Rail population has declined by 90%, and threats to wetland habitats mean the future doesn’t look good for the small, isolated rail populations that remain on the East Coast, Gulf Coast, and Great Plains. The USFWS officially protected the rail as “Threatened” under the ESA in October.

Hawaiian Crow (Alala)

In October scientists captured the last five Alala left in the wild and brought them into the protection of the San Diego Zoo Global’s Keauhou Bird Conservation Center. Nearly 30 captive-raised Hawaiian Crows have been released into the wild on the Big Island, but the crows were decimated by the bird’s main predator, the Hawaiian Hawk (Io).

California Condor

The local population in the Big Sur region of California got a boost in November with the release of seven condors that were successfully raised at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. But tragically, a few months earlier, a wildfire had torn through the Big Sur Condor Sanctuary, destroying structures, killing two condor chicks, and causing the disappearance and presumed death of nine free-flying adults.

The Cornell Lab

All About Birds
is a free resource

Available for everyone,
funded by donors like you

American Kestrel by Blair Dudeck / Macaulay Library

Get Living Bird Subscribe Now