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    Yellow-throated Vireo Life History


    Habitat Open WoodlandsBreeds in a variety of edge habitats in mature deciduous and mixed deciduous forests.Back to top


    Food InsectsArthropods, some fruits and seeds.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Tree

    Nest Description

    Nest an open cup suspended by rim from fork of small branch in tree. Made of bark strips, dry grasses, rootlets, long pine needles, leaves, or hair, held together with insect silk and spider webbing.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:3-5 eggs
    Egg Description:Creamy white with sparse dark spots around larger end.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless with tufts of down.
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    Behavior Foliage GleanerForages in middle and uppers stories of forest, gleaning insects off trunks, branches and leaves. Moves slowly from place to place and searches for a relatively long time from one spot.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernThough Yellow-throated Vireo has disappeared from some small forest areas, populations increased slightly between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 3.5 million with 99% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 1% breeding in Canada, and 22% wintering in Mexico. This U.S.-Canada Stewardship species rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Rodewald, Paul G. and Ross D. James. 2011. Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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