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Merlin Bird ID

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    White-tailed Hawk Life History


    Habitat GrasslandsOpen country, primarily savanna, prairie and arid habitats of mesquite, cacti and bushes, very rarely in open forest.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Tree

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:1-4 eggs
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless and covered in down.
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    Behavior Soaring (raptor)Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernWhite-tailed Hawk populations in Texas seem to be stable or increasing. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 2 million birds with 1% living in the U.S., and 6% in Mexico. The species rates a 10 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


    Crossley, Richard, Jerry Liguori and Brian Sullivan. 2013. The Crossley ID Guide: Raptors: Princeton University Press.

    Farquhar, C. Craig. 2009. White-tailed Hawk (Geranoaetus albicaudatus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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