Montane coniferous forests dominated by pines.Back to top
Insects and conifer seeds.Back to top
Nest in cavity in tree, usually a dead tree.
|Clutch Size:||2-9 eggs|
|Condition at Hatching:||Naked and helpless.|
Pecks and flakes bark, probes in cracks. Rarely hammers deep into wood. Clings to unopened pine cones and chips open the scales to get at the seeds. Sometimes flycatches.Back to top
White-headed Woodpecker populations appear stable and may have experienced a small increase between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 150,000, with 100% living in the U.S. This U.S.-Canada Stewardship species rates a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Although numbers of this woodpecker seem stable, conservation status is considered sensitive in several states. Back to top
Garrett, Kimball L., Martin G. Raphael and Rita D. Dixon. 1996. White-headed Woodpecker (Picoides albolarvatus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.
North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.
Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.
Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/.
Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.