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    White-eyed Vireo Life History


    Habitat ScrubFound in deciduous scrub, overgrown pastures, old fields, wood margins, streamside thickets, and mangroves.Back to top


    Food InsectsInsects, some fruit.Back to top


    Nest Placement

    Nest Shrub

    Nest Description

    Nest an open cup suspended by rim from fork of small branch in tree. Made of leaves, bark, plant fibers, rootlets, or bits of paper, held together with insect silk and spider webbing, and decorated on outside with lichens, moss, or leaves. Lined with rootlets, fine grass, or hair. Placed low to ground.

    Nesting Facts
    Clutch Size:3-5 eggs
    Egg Description:White with sparse spotting.
    Condition at Hatching:Helpless and naked.
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    Behavior Foliage GleanerForages deliberately with short hops or flights, pausing to look for insects by tilting its head and peering. Gleans insects by picking, hovering, reaching, lunging, hanging, or leaping.Back to top


    Conservation Low ConcernWhite-eyed Vireo are common and populations experienced a small increase between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 19 million, with 92% spending part of the year in the U.S., and 35% in Mexico. They are a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species and rate an 8 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. White-eyed Vireo is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.Back to top


    Hopp, Steven L., Alice Kirby and Carol A. Boone. 1995. White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

    Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

    Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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