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Violet-crowned Hummingbird Identification

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The Four Keys to ID

  • Size & Shape

    A fairly large, slender hummingbird with a long, straight bill and wings that reach to the tail tip when perched.

    Relative Size

    Larger than a Rufous Hummingbird, smaller than a Blue-throated Mountain-gem.

    Relative Sizesparrow or smallersparrow-sized or smaller

    • Both Sexes
      • Length: 4.3 in (11 cm)
      • Weight: 0.2-0.2 oz (4.6-5.8 g)
      • Wingspan: 5.9 in (15 cm)

Regional Differences

Ornithologists recognize two subspecies: ellioti of the U.S. Southwest to Michoachán and Hidalgo, Mexico; and violiceps, from Michoacán to Oaxaca, Mexico. The ellioti subspecies has a deeper turquoise tone in the crown and bronze-green sheen to the tail, while the more southern violiceps has a more violet-blue crown and copper tinge to the bronze tail.