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Ross's Gull Life History


Habitat MarshesNests in high Arctic marshy tundra and deltas with low willows. Winters along pack ice.Back to top


Food Aquatic invertebratesInsects, marine invertebrates, and small fish.Back to top


Nest Ground

Nest Description

Placed on wet spot near open water.Back to top


Behavior DabblerTakes food from or just below surface of water or ice.Back to top


Conservation Restricted RangeThe remote breeding and wintering areas of Ross's Gull make assessment of population trends difficult. The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan estimates fewer than 200 continental breeding birds, rates the species at least a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and lists it as a Species of High Concern due to significant population declines and other conservation risk factors. Ross's Gull is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. Back to top


Kushlan, J. A., M. J. Steinkamp, K. C. Parsons, J. Capp, M. A. Cruz, M. Coulter, I. Davidson, L. Dickson, N. Edelson, R. Elliott, R. M. Erwin, S. Hatch, S. Kress, R. Milko, S. Miller, K. Mills, R. Paul, R. Phillips, J. E. Saliva, W. Sydeman, J. Trapp, J. Wheeler and K. Wohl (2002). Waterbird conservation for the Americas: The North American waterbird conservation plan, version 1. Washington, DC, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA.

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