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Merlin Bird ID

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    Ross's Gull Life History


    Habitat MarshesNests in high Arctic marshy tundra and deltas with low willows. Winters along pack ice.Back to top


    Food Aquatic invertebratesInsects, marine invertebrates, and small fish.Back to top


    Nest Ground

    Nest Description

    Placed on wet spot near open water.Back to top


    Behavior DabblerTakes food from or just below surface of water or ice.Back to top


    Conservation Restricted RangeThe remote breeding and wintering areas of Ross's Gull make assessment of population trends difficult. The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan estimates fewer than 200 continental breeding birds, rates the species at least a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, and lists it as a Species of High Concern due to significant population declines and other conservation risk factors. Ross's Gull is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. Back to top


    Kushlan, J. A., M. J. Steinkamp, K. C. Parsons, J. Capp, M. A. Cruz, M. Coulter, I. Davidson, L. Dickson, N. Edelson, R. Elliott, R. M. Erwin, S. Hatch, S. Kress, R. Milko, S. Miller, K. Mills, R. Paul, R. Phillips, J. E. Saliva, W. Sydeman, J. Trapp, J. Wheeler and K. Wohl. 2002. Waterbird conservation for the Americas: The North American waterbird conservation plan, version 1. Washington, D.C.: Waterbird Conservation for the Americas.

    North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

    Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.

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