Breeds in a wide variety of open habitats, with openings in various vertical surfaces, including banks, gorges, and human structures.Back to top
Flying insects.Back to top
Nests in burrows or cavities in various substrates. Probably uses burrows made by other species, but may dig its own nest.
|Clutch Size:||4-8 eggs|
|Condition at Hatching:||Helpless with sparse down.|
Catches insects in flight, often close to ground or water surface.Back to top
Northern Rough-winged Swallow populations declined by 26% between 1966 and 2014, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 15 million with 81% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 53% in Mexico, and 8% breeding in Canada. They rate a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not listed in the 2014 State of the Birds Report. These swallows generally adapt well to environments affected by human activity. Back to top
De Jong, Michael J. 1996. Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.
North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.
Partners in Flight. 2017. Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.
Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/.
Sibley, David Allen. 2014. The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A Knopf, New York.