Mountain Quail Life History


Habitat ForestsShrubby vegetation in mountains.Back to top


Food SeedsSeeds, fruits, flowers, and a few insects.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nesting Facts
Condition at Hatching:Downy and able to follow mother.
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Behavior Ground ForagerBack to top


Conservation Restricted RangeMountain Quail populations were relatively stable from 1966 to 2014. The species appears to have experienced some declines in that time up until 2004, but currently it appears that declines have leveled off, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 300,000, with 96% living in the U.S., and 4% in Mexico. The species rates a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Mountain Quail is a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species, and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


Gutiérrez, R. J. and David J. Delehanty. 1999. Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. 2014. The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center 2014b. Available from

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley guide to birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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