Lapland Longspur Life History


Habitat GrasslandsBreeds in Arctic tundra in wet meadows, grassy tussocks, and scrub; in migration and winter in plowed fields, stubble, and open grasslands.Back to top


Food InsectsSeeds and insects.Back to top


Nest Placement

Nest Ground

Nesting Facts
Clutch Size:3-7 eggs
Number of Broods:1 brood
Egg Length:0.8-0.9 in (1.9-2.2 cm)
Egg Width:0.4-0.6 in (1.1-1.6 cm)
Incubation Period:11-13 days
Nestling Period:6-10 days
Condition at Hatching:Helpless.
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Behavior Ground ForagerBack to top


Conservation Low ConcernLapland Longspur is common and widespread, but there is little information on population trends. There are reports that local populations have declined in some areas. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 130 million, with 43% spending some part of the year in Canada, and 42% breeding and migrating through the U.S. The species rates a 6 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Lapland Longspur is a U.S.-Canada-Stewardship species and is not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List. Back to top


Hussell, David J. and Robert Montgomerie. (2002). Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Lutmerding, J. A. and A. S. Love. Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2015.2. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Bird Banding Laboratory 2015.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, USA.

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