- 16.9 in
- 24.7–42.3 oz
- Poule des prairies (French)
- The extinct Heath Hen was a distinct subspecies of the Greater Prairie-Chicken that was found in the scrub oakland and fire-created blueberry barrens of the East Coast. The last Heath Hens were confined to the island of Martha's Vineyard, off the coast of Massachusetts, where they went extinct in 1932.
Open prairie and oak savannah.
Leaves, seeds, buds, cultivated grains, and insects.
- Condition at Hatching
- Downy and able to follow mother.
Multiple males display at group display site, known as a lek.
This species is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists species most in danger of extinction without significant conservation action. The Eastern subspecies, known as the Heath Hen, went extinct in 1932. The Texas form, the Attwater's Prairie-Chicken, is critically endangered and at severe risk of extinction.
- Schroeder, M. A. and L. A. Robb. 1993. Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido). In The Birds of North America, No. 36 (A. Poole, P. Stettenheim, and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, DC: The American Ornithologists' Union.