- 6.3–6.7 in
- 0.9–1.1 oz
- Grive de Bicknell (French)
- Zorzal migratorio, Tordo de Bicknell (Spanish)
- Bicknell's Thrush has an unusual mating system. Both males and females mate with different partners. Each nest has young from different males, and males may have young in several nests. More than one male feeds at most nests.
- Males do not hold strict territories, and several different males may sing from the same area within one hour.
- The oldest recorded Bicknell's Thrush was a male, and over 11 years, 11 months, when it was recaptured and rereleased during banding operations in Vermont.
- Breeds in montane fir and spruce forests, usually associated with recently disturbed areas.
- Winters in broadleaf montane forests.
Insects and other arthropods, fruit.
- Clutch Size
- 3–4 eggs
- Egg Description
- Bluish green with light brown speckling.
- Condition at Hatching
- Naked and helpless.
Open cup of twigs and moss in small tree.
Population data are difficult to gather for Bicknell's Thrush, but because of the small range and restricted habitat, this species is considered a high conservation priority. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 110,500, with 50% spending some part of the year in the U.S., and 50% breeding in Canada. They rate a 17 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are listed as a Tri-bational Concern species, and a U.S.-Canada Stewardship species. Bicknell's Thrush are listed on the Audubon Watchlist and on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action.
- Rimmer, C. C., K. P. McFarland, W. G. Ellison, and J. E Goetz. Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli). In The Birds of North America, No. 592 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
- North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. 2014. State of the Birds 2014 Report. U.S. Department of Interior, Washington, DC.
- Partners in Flight. 2012. Species assessment database.
- USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 2015. Longevity records of North American Birds.