- 5.5–6.7 in
- 10.6 in
- 0.7–0.9 oz
- Water Pipit
- Pipit d’Amérique (French)
- Bisbita de Agua Americana; Alondra acuática (Spanish)
- The American Pipit was long known as the Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta ), a wide ranging species with seven subspecies occurring from the shores of Great Britain and Scandinavia, and the high mountains of Europe and central Asia, to North America. Recent taxonomic studies, however, have shown that the three North American subspecies, along with the most eastern Asiatic one, are best regarded as a distinct species.
- In an alpine population in the Beartooth Mountains of Wyoming, a snow storm buried 17 American Pipit nests for 24 hours. All of the nestlings that were 11 days or older survived, but only a few of the younger ones did.
- The American Pipit was at least 4 years old, when it was recaptured and rereleased during a banding operation in New Hampshire.
Breeds in arctic and alpine tundra. In migration and winter uses coastal beaches and marshes, stubble fields, recently plowed fields, mudflats, and river courses.
Insects and seeds.
- Clutch Size
- 3–7 eggs
- Egg Description
- Whitish with dense dark brown spotting.
- Condition at Hatching
- Downy and helpless.
Open cup of coarse, dried grasses and sedges, with lining of finer grasses and sometimes hair. Placed on ground, with overhanging vegetation.
Walks or runs while pecking at ground or gleaning from low vegetation, frequently changing direction; occasional short flights from ground or boulders to pursue prey. Feeds in large flocks in fall and winter.
American Pipit numbers may be declining. Partners in Flight estimates a global breeding population of 20 million birds, with 52% spending some part of the year in the U.S., 87% in Canada, and 36% wintering in Mexico. They rate a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score and are not on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List.